Magento CMS – what is it, development history, features
Magento is an open source CMS written in the PHP programming language. The purpose of the platform is to create websites and marketplaces in the field of e-commerce.
The Magento engine code was originally written by Varien Inc., a privately held California-based company. Volunteer developers took an active part in software development.
The Magento development process began in early 2007 and went on for seven months until it grew into a product that is ready for release.
The CMS Magento was released in March 2008, when the Varien developers published the first version of the program. Since then, the owner has changed several times. Magento’s first change of ownership came in the summer of 2011, when the former CEO of Varien sold a significant stake to eBay, an online auction company.
But this deal was not the last. Thus, in 2015, the private investment company Permira became the new owner of Magento. In May 2018, the assets of Magento Inc. were sold to major software developer Adobe Inc., headquartered in San Jose, California, USA. The deal amounted to an impressive $ 1.68 billion. The final takeover of Magento ended on June 19, 2018.
Magento 2.0 was released in November 2015. The second version of CMS Magento has many improvements. Changes were made to provide and improve new ways to interact with the user, the navigation mechanism was improved, edits were implemented to increase conversion rates and, as a result, increase revenue generation for online store owners.
Magento 2.0 includes an advanced business user toolkit that improves the user interface of the software.
A short list of changes included in the second version of CMS Magento
fixed problems with table locking
improved mechanism for caching site pages
increased scalability, which allows building e-commerce sites up to the scale of the corporate level
the engine now contains inline extended snippets for structured data
improved file structure, now navigation and configuration are easier
improved program code resulting in better performance
As mentioned above, Magento is written in PHP programming language with Zend Framework elements. In the development process, the methodology of object-oriented programming and MVC architecture was applied.
For data storage and system functioning, CMS Magento can be deployed based on MySQL or MariaDB databases.
CMS Magento exists in two parallel platforms. One of them, Magento Open Source, is completely free. The community is better known as Community Edition;
The second version, Magento Commerce, is commercial. There is also a local version of the platform called Magento Enterprise Edition.
Open Source Magento Open Source
Magento Open Source, formerly known as Magento Community Edition, is a free open source eCommerce platform by design and nature.
Web developers have the ability to modify system files and expand the functionality of their Internet sites by adding new plug-ins that have been developed by other developers.
The main task that CMS Magento Open Source is designed to solve is to build platforms for e-commerce on the Internet. As of 2018, the current versions of the engine, which are supported by the developer community, are Magento Open Source versions 1.9.3 and 2.2.0.
Despite the fact that Magento changed its owner in the spring of 2018, Adobe assures that CMS Magento will remain, as before, an open source platform.
Commercial version of Magento Commerce platform
CMS Magento Commerce was released in April 2016. By its purpose and essence, the platform is a service that is sold to its users.
Magento 2 has received many new features and improvements. The developer tools have been significantly redesigned and improved, their architecture is significantly different from previous versions.
Magento Commerce platform, built on top of Magento Open Source, and uses the same core system files. The main difference from the free version is that the commercial version provides consumers with more functions and possibilities in more fine tuning and customization.
This version of the product is intended primarily for large enterprises and organizations that need constant technical support from the moment the site is launched to troubleshooting during operation. Payment for the services of the commercial version of the product is carried out on an annual subscription.
CMS Magento is a very popular platform for building e-commerce websites. Used by fairly large and well-known companies. Among them are such popular companies as Samsung and Nike.
But this does not mean that Magento is intended for exceptionally large online businesses. This engine is suitable for enterprises and organizations of all sizes.
Since Magento’s main focus is on building e-commerce websites, it is very important that your online store looks beautiful, attracts potential customers, and at the same time remains individual.
To solve this problem, CMS Magento can offer consumers a variety of free and paid templates, from which you can choose the one that suits your niche business.
Using a well-chosen theme for the store, you can make your e-commerce site not only unique, but also commercially successful. That is why it is highly recommended to take the process of choosing the right template very seriously.